During the Ottoman Empire, a key goal of education was to raise 'excellent Muslims'. Therefore there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Theology Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were combined to form the tangible origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Instruction was passed, replacing the existing, primarily sectarian academic system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Faith at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), unique schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Faculty of Divinity was abolished.
In contrast to the solely secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican People's Party (CHP) spiritual education was reinstated in 1948. This included the establishment of a Faculty of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. Primary steps for the establishment of Imam Hatip schools started in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration federal government, which established 7 unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools experienced the danger of closure. Following the return to civilian politics and the intro of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only register in university programs if they had actually passed courses provided at nonreligious schools. Throughout the premiership of Süleyman Demirel nevertheless, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented 2 key reforms: to start with junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were specified as occupation schools, where students were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for college.
Imam Hatip schools grew slowly in the beginning, however their numbers broadened quickly to 334 throughout the 1970s. The coalition federal government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Salvation Party), devoted to reopen junior high schools and offering the right of entry to university through evaluation. 230 new Imam Hatip read more high schools were opened in a duration of nearly 4 years. During the 1974-75 academic year the variety of students participating in to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The proliferation of Imam Hatip high schools is frequently mentioned as the effect of the National Salvation Party's subscription of a number of unions with Nationalist Front governments.
Circumstance considering that 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a vital turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the goal of contributing to the education of kids of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had not increased because, the variety of students attending Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partially due to the enhancement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education offered at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the overall number of Imam Hatip students was 34,570; in 1997 this number had sharply increased to reach 511,502. Together with this enormous increase in popularity, the variety of schools also increased. The variety of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The increase in both trainee and school numbers can be credited to aspects including the dedication of individuals to religion, dorm room facilities, scholarships, the admittance of females and an increase in demand for religious education.
Research study recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential trainees signed up at Imam Hatip high schools mostly to receive spiritual tutoring together with a more general education.In addition, research shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based solely on the student's choice. The 3rd suggested consider the rise in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, nearly 100,000 females participated in Imam Hatip high schools, comprising nearly half of all trainees. This statistic is particularly revealing since females are not qualified to end up being either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of 8 years of obligatory education in 1997 has actually seen an abrupt decrease in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "employment schools" suggested that, although more alternatives had actually been made offered to graduates, achieving places at prestigious university courses ended up being more difficult.By needing that all eight compulsory years of schooling be spent under the very same primary-school roofing system, middle schools were abolished. Children might not go into trade schools (among them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (instead of the sixth, as before).